ISSN 0976-4550  
DOI: 10.21276/Ijabpt  
 
 
 
Peer Reviewed Online International Journal of Applied Biology and Pharmaceutical Technology www.ijabpt.com
 

CAN FOOD AVAILABILITY AND ACCESSIBILITY RESULT IN BETTER FOOD UTILIZATION? A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY ON FOOD SECURITY INDICATORS TO ADDRESS THE PERSISTENT UNDERNUTRITION IN RURAL VADODARA  Page No 36 to 42, Volume-8, Issue-3, July-Sept-2017

Chitrarpita Saha and Vanisha S Nambiar

India could not solve the problem of chronic household food insecurity in about half of the population and it still has the second-highest estimated number of undernourished people in the world. Therefore this cross sectional study aimed to address the persistent undernutrition in rural Vadodara, western India by evaluating the association between various food security indicators. From anganwadi centres in four villages of Padra Taluka, rural Vadodara, all children (0-5y) with their mothers (n=160) were enrolled and status of household food security was assessed by personal interview of mothers using semi structured questionnaire and anthropometric measurement of mother-child pairs. Household dietary diversity was used as indicator of food availability, Income and road condition were used as indicators of food accessibility and nutritional status (height/age, weight/height, weight/age for children and BMI for mothers) was used as indicator of food utilization. Results revealed a poor picture of household food security due to low dietary diversity, less income, poor road condition and very high incidence of undernutrition. Statistical analysis in SPSS 23 software showed significant correlation between mothers’ nutritional status and child’s wasting. Household dietary diversity and family income significantly correlated with mother’s nutritional status and child’s weight for age but not with child’s stunting and wasting. Therefore it can be concluded that improved food availability and accessibility can result in better food utilization. But other practices like child feeding, health care and hygiene need to be assessed which may affect the utilization of food even at better food availability and accessibility scenario.

Key words: Food security, dietary diversity, under nutrition, stunting, wasting

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